An introduction to the validity of hard determinism

Varieties[ edit ] "Determinism" may commonly refer to any of the following viewpoints: Many philosophical theories of determinism frame themselves with the idea that reality follows a sort of predetermined path. Causal determinism is "the idea that every event is necessitated by antecedent events and conditions together with the laws of nature".

An introduction to the validity of hard determinism

Gods were not always quite so capable as that, for example in Zoroastrianism good and evil really were fighting against each other and neither was all-powerful. Primitive gods could literally and physically fight against evil. But as philosophy and science taught us the true depth of words like 'creator god' and 'creation', and we understood more and more of the psychological, incidental and mechanistic causes of apparent 'evil', it became quite obvious that the whole system was designed with the possibility for 'evil' in its very fabric.

Omnipotency is incompatible with benevolence. The reasons that such contradictions appear between the existence of god and the existence of aspects of reality is because the whole idea of god is problematic. If there is no god and if suffering and pain result from purely biological effects and the physical laws of the universe, with no underlying divine cause, then the problem of evil disappears.

Overcoming Serious Indecisiveness

There is no real "good" and "evil", there is just evolved life, struggling to survive in an uncaring universe. It happens that this atheistic state appears to match perfectly with the truth of the matter.

The Inhumane Effects of the Justifications of Evil 5 christianity judaism There has been a long Christian history of horrible explanations of evil, wherein all blame is put on the victims.

Disabled people, stillborn babies, the suffering of children and adults alike has all, from time to time, been explained as punishment for their sins. If not actual behaviour, then for thought crime, and, sometimes, the punishment itself is in order to prevent some serious sin happening in the future.

The theory goes that God never punishes people through random bouts of suffering by accident: If suffering seems unjust and unfair, then, it is merely the case that God is judging and punishing people for reasons that their fellow Humans do not comprehend.

Historical Introduction to Philosophy/Determinism and the Problem of Free-Will - Wikiversity

Thoughts like these kill all sense of compassion and caring, and scupper any chance of granting relief to the victim. Everything is our fault: It is not our job to try and alleviate the pain that God has seen fit to bring upon us! I am sure that most modern, moral, readers, must react in horror to such an inhumane dismissal of evil.

Many may even, through wishful thinking and ignorance, disclaim that no-one has held to such a monstrous justification. But you'd be wrong. We've seen it in the Jewish Story of Job in the Biblewhere poor job has done nothing wrong, and God itself blasts down a warning that no-one may question God's judgements and methods.

In the Jewish spiritual book, The Talmud, it said that 'if a man sees that painful suffering visits him, let him examine his conduct' and that 'there is no suffering without sin' 6.

That is, we all deserve punishment simply for being human, until such a time as we are saved, if we ever are.Bertrand Russell wrote that "the circumstances of men's lives do much to determine their philosophy" in his "History of Western Philosophy 1".Our circumstances, in line with the strict determinism of physics and biochemistry, predetermine all our choices and therefore, free will .

Determinism does not address the manner by which activity first began. Nor does determinism address whether activity is intelligently and intentionally designed, or simply occurs base on a random beginning.

As such, Determinism is not necessarily inconsistent with a belief in God.

An introduction to the validity of hard determinism

Nor does a belief in Determinism require a belief in God. Hard determinism (a belief in determinism, and not free will) is particularly criticized for seeming to make traditional moral judgments impossible.

Some philosophers, however, find this an acceptable conclusion. The God that Jews, Christians, and Muslims believe in is all-good, all-powerful, all-knowing, non-physical, personal, eternal, and necessary.

I would agree with the standard claim of, say, Dawkins that there is an extremely wide gulf between theologians and philosophers of religion . Hard Determinism (Incompatiblism) 1.


determinism is true; incompatible with free will, therefore, free will does not exist heartoftexashop.comn's story about the introduction of a railway in Germany. What is the difference between validity and soundness?

Give an example of an argument that is valid but not sound. 1. Valid. AET Internal Combustion Engine Theory and Servicing. This is a theory/laboratory course designed to introduce the student to basic heat engine types, their .

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