The author, Edward Bellamyalthough a prolific writer of short stories, essays, and novels, is remembered almost solely for this utopian novel.
Table of Contents Analysis Looking Backward belongs to the centuries-old tradition of utopian fiction, fiction that attempts to portray a perfect human society. The plot is simple and minimal, merely a vehicle for Bellamy's ideas for social reform.
Bellamy knew that his nineteenth-century audience was extremely hostile to the idea of an economy based on public capital, a premier tenet of socialism, a reviled political movement in the nineteenth century.
Therefore, Bellamy had a difficult task in persuading his readers to consider his proposal for an ideal society. He distances himself from the more radical political theories of the socialists and the anarchists. In his ideal society, the separation between the genders remains intact, and marriage remains an important institution.
The government remains a respected, powerful means to maintain social order. Personal freedom is not threatened, but enhanced. An individual worker's merit is recognized and valued through a complex ranking system based on the army.
An Overview of the Perfect Society in Looking Backward by Edward Bellamy and Republic by Plato. 1, words. 3 pages. An Argument in Favor of Just Life in Plato's Republic. words. 2 pages. A Discussion of Justice According to Socrates. 1, words. 4 . Looking Backward belongs to the centuries-old tradition of utopian fiction, fiction that attempts to portray a perfect human society. The plot is simple and minimal, merely a vehicle for Bellamy. Operation Mercury - Airmen in the Battle of Crete, M.G. Comeau Tradicao, Tradicao The Educational System of the Russian Federation Subway Rides, P. Walker Plays Pretty Just for You, Smith Jimmy Cuentos Fantasticos, Leopoldo Lugones.
Consumer choice is enhanced because every consumer demand is met, and every citizen has easy access to the full range of the nation's products. Citizens are encouraged to choose the careers that best suit them. Overall, Bellamy represents his imagined utopia as a flexible society with a wider range of personal freedom because of publicly owned capital, not in spite of it.
Bellamy also attempts to make his ideas more palatable to his audience with Julian West, a representative of the nineteenth century who is transported to the twentieth century. Because he is like them, Bellamy's audience can more easily identify with Julian, an enthusiastic supporter of Bellamy's ideal social system.
Through Julian, Bellamy anticipates the questions and reservations of his audience. Through Doctor Leete, he rationally and systematically responds to these concerns. Doctor Leete, the kindly retired father, functions as an appealing mouthpiece for Bellamy's ideas on social reform.
The relationship between Leete and Julian mirrors the relationship between Bellamy and his readers. He hopes that Julian's difficult and confusing conversion to Leete's philosophy will be mirrored in his readers. Nineteenth-century society was in awe of its industrial system of private capital.
Compared to a feudal, agricultural society, an industrial economy based on private capital was a far more efficient means to produce and accumulate wealth. It allowed the production of cheap, mass-produced goods, so it raised the standard of living.
However, the wealth produced was concentrated firmly in the hands of the privileged few. Bellamy attempts to persuade his readers to his point of view by arguing that an economy based on publicly-owned capital would enhance the characteristics that nineteenth-century society admired most about their industrial system.
He argues that his ideal society would be vastly more efficient; labor would never be idle, and supply would far more closely match demand. He argues that the frequent gluts, shortages, strikes, and business failures under an economic system run on competition are immense wastes that would be eliminated under a system based on communal cooperation.
Although many members of nineteenth-century society were sensitive to the wide gap between the rich and the poor, many felt that there was no way to remove it. Others were insensitive, because they felt that the poor were inferior to the rich.
Bellamy characterizes the rigid class stratification of the nineteenth century as a moral outrage, but he is aware of the danger that his readers will be alienated and insulted by the implied criticism directed at them. Therefore, he softens the blow by attributing this moral outrage to ignorance. Hence, Bellamy interweaves the appeals of rational logic and moral imperatives to draw his readers to his point of view.
Although his ideal society still has yet to come into existence--and though the brutal, failed career of twentieth-century socialism may make it seem naive or obsolete-- Bellamy's novel was, in its own way, a success.
Not only was it a popular hit, but it also influenced famous political, social, and economic theorists such as Thorstein Veblen, John Dewey, William Allen White, and others.Looking Backward book written by edward bellamy; described experience of a young bostonian who slept in and woke up in to find the social order changed, large trusts that had grown grew and combined to create one big one that would distribute the wealth among everyone and eliminate class divisions-called it nationalism.
edward bellamy, Looking Backward: 2ooo– (Signer, isbn o) charlotte perkins gilman, Herland (Pantheon, isbn o) jack london, The Iron Heel (Penguin, isbn oo). Looking Backward, Edward Bellamy‟s socialist utopia of , has been celebrated as an American bestseller and has been extensively analyzed in relation to late nineteenthcentury American culture and society.1 Much less discussed, although well documented, is the fact that Bellamy‟s novel enjoyed a huge success beyond America‟s borders.
Auto Suggestions are available once you type at least 3 letters. Use up arrow (for mozilla firefox browser alt+up arrow) and down arrow (for mozilla firefox browser alt+down arrow) to review and enter to heartoftexashop.com: $ Plato's "Republic" may be the very first utopia presented to a mass audience, but Thomas More coined the term with his book Utopia (included here), which describes a fictional island society Price: $ Looking Backward by Edward Bellamy introduces the reader to a seemingly perfect society.
Looking Backward by Edward Bellamy introduces the reader to a seemingly perfect society. Everyone starts working at 21 for three years before choosing a labor job or education, then retires at There is no money, and people don’t try to sell you things . Edward Bellamy was a failed journalist, novelist, and lawyer before the publication of Looking Backward catapulted him into fame. His socialist utopian novel has been considered one of the most. Plato's "Republic" may be the very first utopia presented to a mass audience, but Thomas More coined the term with his book Utopia (included here), which describes a fictional island society Price: $
Everyone starts working at 21 for three years before choosing a labor job or education, then retires at There is no money, and people don’t try to sell you things .