First, feminist theories maintain that gender—the socially constructed expectations about the attitudes and behaviors of women and men that are typically referred to as femininity and masculinity, respectively—is a central organizing component of social life, including criminal offending, victimization, and criminal justice processing.
What does this result in? According to Pollak, men are socialised to have a protective 'chivalrous' attitude towards women. Most criminal justice agents are men, thus, the the criminal justice system is more lenient with women, hence they are underrepresented in crime statistics. Chivalry Thesis What evidence do Graham and Bowling give for the chivalry thesis?
Flood-Page et al found only 1 in 11 female self-reported offenders had been cautioned or prosecuted whereas it was 1 in 7 for males. What gave evidence for this?
Buckle and Farrington, in an observational study in a department store, found 2x more males shoplifted than females: OCS show an equal chance for males and females shoplifting therefore maybe males are less likely to be prosecuted.
Farrington and Morris - in a study of sentencing of theft offences. Heidensohn argues that courts test females more harshly than males when they deviate from social norms: Stewart found that magistrates' perceptions of female defedents' characters were based on stereotypical gender roles.
Feminists argue that these double standards exist because the justice system is patriarchal. Walklate argyes it is the victim that is on trial in rape cases as she has to prove her respectability to have evidence accepted.
Fill in the blanks: A higher proportion of female than male offenders are convicted of [property offences] except [burglary].
A higher proportion of male than female offenders are convicted of [violent] or [sexual] offences. Males are more likely to be [repeat] offenders, to have [longer criminal careers] and to commit more serious crimes. For example, men are about 15 times more likely to be convicted of homicide.
What two arguments have been put forward in support of the view that the amount of female offending is underestimated? Typically female crimes such as shoplifting are less likely to be reported,eg shoplifting and prostitution. The invisibility of female crime: Even when women's crimes are detected or reported, they are less likely to be prosecuted or, if prosecuted, more likely to be let off relatively lightly.
Under-reporting According to Pollok, why are the public less likely to report female crime? According to Pollok, the public are less likely to report female crime as females don't match up to their image of a typical criminal. Heidensohn argues that Pollok's work is based on stereotypical views of women.
Police and Judicial Bias Describe Smith and Gray's study to support the belief that police react and respond in relation to labels. Police and Judicial Bias Give three factors that contribute to women being treated more leniently, in terms of the courts' view of women.Women, Crime and Criminal Justice: The State of Current Theory and Research in Australia and New Zealand Women, Crime and Criminal Justice: The State of Current Theory and Research in Australia and New Zealand Show all authors.
Anne Edwards Hiller, PhD * Anne Edwards Hiller Heidensohn, F (), “ The Deviance of Women. The broken window thesis - it is essential to maintain orderly characteristics of neighbourhoods and reduce any signs of crime immediately.
TARGET HARDENING If you making it harder to commit crime (Eg. by locking doors) this will reduce the rewards and act as a deterrent. Start studying Crime and Deviance - Gender, Crime and Justice.
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Feminists are against the chivalry thesis, and think that the CJS is against them Crime and Deviance - Crime and The Media. 16 terms.
AQA Sociology A2 Crime and deviance - control, prevention. 1a) Examine the value of the ‘chivalry thesis’ in understanding gender differences in crime (12 marks). 1a) Examine the relationship between gender and victimisation (12 marks). 1b) Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess the claim that female crime is under-represented in official statistics (21 marks).
The chivalry thesis – chivalry means treating others, especially women with courtesy, sympathy and respect. The chivalry theory states that women are treated more . Chivalry Thesis evaluation It is an outdated theory, not relevant to society today due to the improved position of women.
Feminists would argue that women commit crime due to patriarchal oppression.