The Byzantine style began in the age of Justinian —65although elements can be found from C4, and continued long after the fall of Constantinople, especially where the Orthodox Church was dominant. When the Roman Emperor Constantine —37 established his new Imperial and administrative capital on the Bosphorus, the seeds were sown for a division of the Empire into Eastern and Western parts, with Greek becoming dominant in the former and Latin in the latter.
The Byzantine Empire, the survivor of the Roman empire, flourished into the oldest and longest lasting empire in our history. It began with Constantine the Great's triumph of Christianity.
He then transferred his capital from Rome to the refounded Byzantium in the early 4th century, year AD, and named it Constantinople after himself. This city became the surviving safe spot after the breakup of the Western Roman empire by the 5th century.
It was by far the largest and richest city in Christendom during the Middle Ages with a population of about one million people. Encarta Constantine the Great had established a criterion for the empire to follow throughout its history.
It included the harmony of the church, the leaders and the teachers of the empire. Constantine created a successful new monetary system based on the gold solidus, or nomisma which lasted well into the middle of the 11th century.
Because of the commercial thriving throughout the 4th, 5th, and 6th centuries, many ancient cities flourished. Large estates dominated agriculture which continued to be fruitful in spite of the heavy taxation causing an abandonment of land.
From the beginning to the end of the Byzantine empire, the church and the emperor had been the largest landholders, therefore being the largest profiteers of Byzantine. It took over the space of southeastern Europe, southwestern Asia, and the northeast corner of Africa.
This large empire known as Byzantine didn't get called Byzantine until scholars named it.
The people of that time were not thought of as Byzantines but as Romans who lived a Roman lifestyle. Byzantine had been started and ruled by an emperor without any formal constitution.
It slowly formed a similar establishment of late Roman institutions. Byzantine followed the Romans orthodox Christianity as well. The predominant language of this era was Greek, although some subjects spoke Latin, Coptic, and Armenian. Great Ages The Greek language led to a Greek culture.
The Byzantine empire stood out for their Christian religion and their expression of it in their artwork.
These Romans carved exquisite ivories, illuminated manuscripts, and formed mosaics out of glass and stone. Mosaics were pictures formed from these objects with the intent to stimulate profound religious thought.
The mood of these mosaics was always honoring and respectful of Christianity and its.Byzantine art byzantine art Byzantine Art Mosaic Byzantine achievements in mosaic decoration brought this art to an unprecedented level of monumentality and expressive power.
Mosaics were applied to the domes, half-domes, and other available surfaces of Byzantine churches in an established hierarchical order. Aug 07, · Download a PowerPoint of this slide at heartoftexashop.com Chief among these sources were the Coptic tradition of present-day Egypt and Syria, with its scrolling vines and geometric motifs, Sassanian metalwork and crafts from what is now Iraq with their rhythmic, sometimes abstracted qualities, and naturalistic Byzantine mosaics depicting animals and plants.
•Byzantine = eastern half of Roman Empire years beyond the fall of Rome, Constantinople is the center- one of the most impressive cities in history •Lavish works of art •Shimmering gold mosaics = heavenly world and opulence •Icons thought to have spiritual powers •Ivory carved with great precision •Invented PENDENTIVE •Death.
Hagia Sophia radiated Orthodox Byzantine power and wealth. Its interior mesmerized onlookers with the sparkle of a ceiling covered in gold, a sanctuary adorned by 40, pounds of silver, glowing mosaics, and decorative marble, all of which proclaimed the glory of Byzantium.
The majority of Byzantine mosaics were destroyed but some survived. Buildings like Hagia Sophia were embellished with mosaics during the Emperor Justinian. If the purpose of classical art was the glorification of man, the purpose of Byzantine art was the glorification of God, and of His Son, Jesus.