Introduction The dispute between rationalism and empiricism takes place within epistemology, the branch of philosophy devoted to studying the nature, sources and limits of knowledge. The defining questions of epistemology include the following. What is the nature of propositional knowledge, knowledge that a particular proposition about the world is true? To know a proposition, we must believe it and it must be true, but something more is required, something that distinguishes knowledge from a lucky guess.
Often times an answer is left undetermined. In the broad sense of the word and also stated in the dictionary philosophy can be described as the pursuit of human knowledge and human values.
There are many different people with many different theories of knowledge.
Two of these people, also philosophers, in which this paper will go into depth about are Descartes and Plato. In Meditations, Descartes brings doubt to everything he believes because it is human nature to believe that which is false.
He states that most of what he believes comes from the senses and that a lot of times those senses can be deceived. His conclusion of doubting everything is based on his example of a basket of apples. Now that the basket is empty you examine each apple carefully and return the good apples to the basket.
This is what he does with his beliefs, he follows and keeps only those beliefs of which he is sure of. Our beliefs as a whole must be discarded and then each individual belief must be looked at carefully before we can accept it.
We must only accept those beliefs we feel are good. If the beliefs were not a part of us we would have no basis for recovering any of the discarded beliefs because we are unable to justify anything.
He states that no belief based on sense-perception is free from doubt, it is possible that this life is all a dreamSocrates and Descartes Differences in Modern and Ancient Philosophy essaysWhen I was a child I viewed everything from a child's point of view.
If I was afraid of the dark it was because I believed that monsters dwelled under my bed and in my closets. If I was afraid of loud noises it is because.
Socrates Vs Descartes. something very special to say about that. Socrates and Rene Descartes spent their life looking for the truth.
They looked for the perfect answer to every question because both of them wanted the answers no one could have an answer too. Although these men were alive at very different times, they had the same ideas about life. What are the differences between the philosophies of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle?
Update Cancel. ad by Toptal. Socrates was a mendicant Religion vs Science. Mysticism vs Common sense. Sources: 1) The Cave and the Light: Plato Versus Aristotle, and .
Plato vs Socrates Plato and Socrates are two philosophers that showed differences between them when it comes to their philosophical concepts and thought.
One of the primary differences between Plato and Socrates is that Plato gave a lot of importance to the soul of the human being than the body.
Amanda Neal 3/28/16 Knowledge and Reality Descartes vs. Socrates “The unexamined life is not worth living for a man”. Descartes and Socrates are two of the most famous, innovative, and important philosophers in history. It is said that Socrates is “ the Father of Philosophy”, prominently due to his Socratic method of teaching, which prior to his life no one had come close to %(4).
Socrates vs Descartes. The presentation will take a look at two philosophers who have insightful views of the world we live in. They try to answer the question "Why do we exist?" and we will try to determine who did a better job at answering it!
Copy of Socrates vs Descartes.