Background[ edit ] As the People's Republic of China has publicly embraced the one country, two systems model of governance for Hong Kong, the annual 4 June observance which has become a tradition since has continued after the transfer of sovereignty from Britain to China.
The brutal Chinese government assault on the protesters shocked the West and brought denunciations and sanctions from the United States. In Maynearly a million Chinese, mostly young students, crowded into central Beijing to protest for greater democracy and call for the resignations of Chinese Communist Party leaders deemed too repressive.
For nearly three weeks, the protesters kept up daily vigils, and marched and chanted. Western reporters captured much of the drama for television and newspaper audiences in the United States and Europe.
On June 4,however, Chinese troops and security police stormed through Tiananmen Square, firing indiscriminately into the crowds of protesters.
Turmoil ensued, as tens of thousands of the young students tried to escape the rampaging Chinese forces.
Other protesters fought back, stoning the attacking troops and overturning and setting fire to military vehicles. Reporters and Western diplomats on the scene estimated that at leastand perhaps thousands, of the protesters had been killed and as many as 10, were arrested.
Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev declared that he was saddened by the events in China.
He said he hoped that the government would adopt his own domestic reform program and begin to democratize the Chinese political system. In the United States, editorialists and members of Congress denounced the Tiananmen Square massacre and pressed for President George Bush to punish the Chinese government.
A little more than three weeks later, the U.The 21st anniversary Tiananmen square incident march began as a small march to commemorate the 4 June Tiananmen Square protests of in Hong Kong.
Hong Kong and Macau are the only places on Chinese soil where the crushing of China's pro-democracy movement can be commemorated, and the annual event to commemorate has been taking place in Hong Kong since The University of Hong Kong Department of Politics and Public Administration CCCH Short Paper By Chan Shing Ho Johnny (UID) Question: In your view, why is the Tian'anmnen Movement of eventually ended in a tragic way?
In , students in Beijing, China, rose against the tyranny of their own government.
In the short span of two months, the spectacular movement evolved from petitioning to loyal opposition and then, in the face of military suppression, to seeking a change in the communist regime. In the early hours of the morning on June 4th , the Chinese military began a brutal crackdown of the protest movement that had seen up to , people camped out in Beijing’s Tiananmen Square for more than a month.
The Tiananmen Square protests, commonly known in mainland China as the June Fourth Incident (Chinese: 六四事件, liùsì shìjiàn), were student-led demonstrations in Beijing (the capital of the People's Republic of China) in In English, the terms Tiananmen Square Massacre, Tiananmen Square Protests or Tiananmen Square Crackdown are often used to describe the series of events.
However, much of the violence did not actually happen in Tiananmen, but outside the square in the city of Beijing near the Muxidi area.